Progano Ricardo NICOLAS


Name of department

Institute of Global Initiatives, Center for Tourism Research

Job title

Project Lecturer

Mail Address

E-mail address

External Link

Education 【 display / non-display

  • 2016

    Wakayama University   Faculty of Tourism   PhD  

  • 2014

    Wakayama University   Faculty of Tourism   Master degree  

  • 2013

    Wakayama University   Faculty of Tourism  

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    Research Student

  • 2007

    Del Salvador University   School of Oriental Studies   Bachelor degree  

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • 博士   2019

Academic & Professional Experience 【 display / non-display

  • 2021.04

    Kyoto University of Foreign Studies   Part-time Lecturer

  • 2019.04

    Wakayama University   Center for Tourism Research   Lecturer

  • 2018.04

    Wakayama University   Faculty of Tourism   Part-time Lecturer

Association Memberships 【 display / non-display

  • 2022.03

    Critical Tourism Studies - Asia Pacific (CTS - AP)

  • 2020.12

    CAUTHE (Council for Australasian Tourism and Hospitality Education)

  • 2016

    Japan Society for Tourism Studies

Research Areas 【 display / non-display

  • Humanities & social sciences / Local studies / 観光地域づくり

  • Humanities & social sciences / Cultural anthropology and folklore / Asian Studies, Cultural Anthropology

  • Humanities & social sciences / Tourism studies / 文化遺産管理と発展


Classes (including Experimental Classes, Seminars, Graduation Thesis Guidance, Graduation Research, and Topical Research) 【 display / non-display

  • 2020   Critical Issues in Tourism A   Specialized Subjects

Classes 【 display / non-display

  • 2020   Tourism and Heritage Management(M)   Master's Course
  • 2019   Tourism Development and Community (M)   Master's Course

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • Qualitative Methods

  • Intercultural Studies

  • Cultural Heritage

  • Tourism

  • Tourism Policy

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Published Papers 【 display / non-display

  • The Impact of COVID-19 on Temple Stays: A Case Study from Koyasan, Japan

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas

    International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage   9 ( 5 ) 116 - 127   2021.11  [Refereed]

  • Visitor diversification in pilgrimage destinations: comparing national and international visitors through means-end

    Ricardo Nicolas Progano, Kumi Kato, Joseph M. Cheer (Part: Lead author )

    Tourism Geographies     2020.05  [Refereed]

  • Visitor diversification in pilgrimage destinations: A national segmentation study through means-end theory in Nakahechi trail, Kumano Kodo

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas

        2018.12  [Refereed]

  • Exploring the Japanese DMO registration system: A case from Tanabe city

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas

    観光学   19   29 - 38   2018  [Refereed]

  • Spirituality and tourism in Japanese Pilgrimage Sites: Exploring the intersection through the case of Kumano Kodo

    Ricardo Nicolas Progano, Kumi Kato (Part: Lead author )

    Fieldwork in Religion   13 ( 1 ) 22 - 43   2018  [Refereed]

     View Summary

    © Equinox Publishing Ltd 2018. Contemporary society understands spirituality as an individualized "quest of self-discovery and reflection" that combines eclectic elements, while disregarding traditional religious organizations. This social context has shaped how sacred sites are managed and promoted in tourism, as well as tourist motivation and behaviour. Still, the information on religious and spiritual-related tourism remains Euro-centric, although around half of an estimated 600 million religious and spiritual travels take place in Asia and the Pacific (UNWTO 2011). In order to contribute to studies on the area, the purpose of this article is to explore the intersection of spirituality and tourism in a non-Western pilgrimage site utilizing the three categories of Olsen (2015) to interpret and organize research materials in a coherent format. The Kumano Kodo pilgrimage trails in Japan were selected as case study. Results showed a variety of Japanese-specific research materials related to contemporary spirituality and tourism that still draw some parallels to the West. Following Olsen's categories, the case study showed mainly elements from spiritual tourism, with some from New Age tourism as well. Wellness was a particularly emphasized characteristic. Further research is suggested to develop Olsen's categorization and to deepen the study of non-Western tourism contexts of contemporary spirituality in different areas.


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Books etc 【 display / non-display

  • Handbook of Niche Tourism

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas( Part: Sole author,  Work: Pilgrimage tourism and the Shugendō programs in Japan)

    Edward Elgar Publishing  2022.09 

  • Recentering Tourism Geographies in the ‘Asian Century’

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas, Kato, Kumi, Cheer, Joseph M( Part: Joint author,  Work: 9. Visitor diversification in pilgrimage destinations: comparing national and international visitors through means-end)

    Routledge  2022  ISBN: 9781032208282

  • Handbook of Tourism Impacts

    Cheer, J. M, Progano, R. N, Qu, M, McCormick, A( Part: Joint author,  Work: Tourism in the rural periphery: Revitalization and community resilience in Japan.)

    Edward Elgar Publishing  2022 

  • Tourism Development in Japan: Themes, Issues and Challenges

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas, Kato, Kumi( Part: Joint author,  Work: Pilgrimage tourism in regional communities: the case of Tanabe City and Kumano Kodo)

    Routledge  2021 

  • Pilgrims: Values And Identities

    Progano Ricardo Nicolas, Kato Kumi( Part: Joint author,  Work: Pilgrimage and Tourism in Japan: Shift in Values and Motivation)

    CABI  2021 

Misc 【 display / non-display

  • Challenges and opportunities for religious stakeholders in tourism

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas (Part: Lead author )

    Wakayama Tourism Review   2   7 - 9   2022.03  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Introduction to Wakayama Tourism Review Vol. 3

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas (Part: Lead author )

    Wakayama Tourism Review   3   4 - 5   2022.03  [Refereed]  [Invited]

  • Emerging Scholar Profile-Dr. Ricardo Nicolas Progano

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas (Part: Lead author )

    e-Review of Tourism Research   18 ( 4 ) 671 - 672   2021.04

  • Japanese pilgrimage : A key to regional development

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas (Part: Corresponding author )

    Wakayama Tourism Review   1   21 - 23   2021  [Refereed]


Awards & Honors 【 display / non-display

  • MEXT Scholarship for Research Students

    Winner: Ricardo Nicolas Progano

    2013.03   Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology  

Conference Activities & Talks 【 display / non-display

  • Roles of religious guides in tourism: A qualitative study from Japan

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas

    Sacred Journeys 9th Global Conference  2022.07.06  

  • Impacts of COVID-19 on temple stays: 2020-2021 fieldwork in Koyasan

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas

    Japan Society for Tourism Studies 11th Conference  2022.07.03  

  • COVID impacts on Japanese temple stays: Findings from 2020-2021 fieldwork


    13th International Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage (IRTP) Conference  2022.07.01  

  • Temple stays during COVID: a study during 2020-2021

    Progano, Ricardo Nicolas  [Invited]

    CTR International Conference “International Tourism Research Salon” 2022  2022.03.08  

  • 鼎談「和歌山の観光イメージの創造―吉田初三郎鳥瞰図を通してー」

    Higashi Etsuko, Ishikawa Hajime, Progano Ricardo Nicolas  [Invited]

    鼎談「和歌山の観光イメージの創造―吉田初三郎鳥瞰図を通してー」  2022.02.22  

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KAKENHI 【 display / non-display

  • Analysis of tourism guiding in pilgrimage: Model for perception of role of guides


    Grant-in-Aid for Early-Career Scientists  Principal investigator

Joint or Subcontracted Research with foundation, company, etc. 【 display / non-display

  • 熊野街道の歴史・文化に関する調査研究


    Joint research  Co-investigator


Instructor for open lecture, peer review for academic journal, media appearances, etc. 【 display / non-display

  • 非常勤講師



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